Periodontal disease also known as gum disease, affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth.  The disease can cause inflammation, tooth loss, and bone damage.  The infection begins when inflammation of the gum occurs due to bacteria in plaque, the sticky film that forms on your teeth.  This is often the main gum disease cause, however, other factors can also be attributed to affecting the health of the gums and bone including:

  • – Stress
  • – Smoking or Tobacco Use
  • – Genetics
  • – Pregnancy
  • – Diabetes
  • – Medications
  • – Poor Nutrition


What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease.  The gums become red and swollen and bleed easily, but there is little to no discomfort associated with this stage of the disease.  It is possible to reverse gingivitis through good oral hygiene and treatments from the dentist.

Gingivitis Risk Factors

If gingivitis treatment is not received it could progress to periodontitis, which can be aggressive and chronic.  Aggressive periodontitis displays rapid bone destruction and attachment loss.  Chronic periodontitis is one of the most common forms of periodontal disease and is frequently seen in adults.  The stages progress slowly and can be recognized by gum recession and pocket formation.


In certain cases, periodontal surgery may be recommended to treat the disease when non-surgical treatment proves ineffective.  Such procedures include: pocket reduction, soft tissue grafts, or bone regeneration.  If a tooth is lost due to periodontal disease, dental implants are always an option for permanent tooth replacement.

Good oral hygiene and regular dentist check-ups will go a long way in preventing periodontal disease.  Daily brushing and flossing can keep plaque to a minimum and, in conjunction with professional cleanings 2-4 times a year, can keep your teeth healthy for life!